Rice is one of the most cultivated grains in the world. It belongs to the family Poaceae. There are 40 000 varieties of rice that differ in size, texture, color and taste.

Rice is a rich source of carbohydrates and therefore, acts as a source of fuel for the body. Rice is made up of long chains of complex carbohydrates that take time to break down.

Rice is the second highest worldwide production after maize (corn). Since maize is mostly grown for purposes other than human consumption